Belavezhskaya Pushcha. The 600th Anniversary

Belavezhskaya Pushcha. The 600th Anniversary of Wildlife Conservation.

Białowieża Primaeval Forest, known as Belavezhskaya Pushcha (Belarusian: Белавежская пушча) or Belovezhskaya Pushcha (Russian: Беловежская пуща) in Belarus and Puszcza Białowieska in Poland, is an ancient woodland straddling the border between Belarus and Poland, located 70 km (43 mi) north of Brest. It is one of the last and largest remaining parts of the immense primeval forest which once spread across the European Plain.

This UNESCO World Heritage Site and Biosphere Reserve lies in parts of the Brest Voblast (Kamianiec and Pruzhany districts) and Hrodna Voblast (Svislach district) in Belarus, and near the town of Białowieża in the Podlaskie Voivodeship (62 km (39 mi) south-east of Białystok and 190 km (120 mi) north-east of Warsaw) in Poland. On the Polish side it is partly protected as Białowieski Park Narodowy (Białowieża National Park), and occupies over 100 km2 (39 sq mi). On the Belarusian side the Biosphere Reserve occupies 1,771 km2 (684 sq mi); the core area covers 157 km2 (61 sq mi); the buffer zone 714 km2 (276 sq mi); and the transition zone 900 km2 (350 sq mi); the National Park and World Heritage Site comprises 876 km2 (338 sq mi). The border between the two countries runs through the forest and is closed for large animals and tourists for the time being. The forest is home to 800 wisent, the continent's heaviest land animals. The security fence keeps the wisent herds physically and genetically separated.

Belarus 2009 Belavezhskaya Pushcha CuNi
at the top – the relief of the State Coat of Arms of the Republic of Belarus; in the center – a sign discovers internal communication between a man and nature: a stylized image of a cut tree trunk and its roots entwined in the form of figures of people; inscriptions along the rim: in the top part – " РЭСПУБЛІКА Беларусь " (REPUBLIC OF BELARUS), at the bottom – "20 РУБЛЁЎ" (20 ROUBLES) – on silver coin and "1 РУБЕЛЬ" (1 ROUBLE) – on copper–nickel coin, the year of issue, fine silver alloy standard.
in the center – stylized image of the trees with weaving fronds; in the center – image of a bird; there are animals along the rim: zubr, elk, wild boar, deer; inscriptions along the rim: "БЕЛАВЕЖСКАЯ ПУШЧА * 600 ГОД ЗАПАВЕДНАМУ РЭЖЫМУ" (Belavezhskaya Pushcha * The 600th Anniversary of Wildlife Conservation).


Belarus 2009 Booklet Belavezhskaya Pushcha. The 600th Anniversary
Belarus 2009 Booklet Belavezhskaya Pushcha. The 600th Anniversary
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